12 • THE CHRONICLE OF PHILANTHROPY
NOVEMBER 17, 2011
Member of the U.S.
House of Representatives (Texas)
Founded the Foundation for Rational Economics and Education, a charity, and Campaign for Liberty, an advocacy group. Both
groups promote free-market principles and
Has consistently pushed in Congress to
sharply reduce the size of government.
Would end income, capital-gains, and estate
taxes. Would cut $1-trillion in federal spending the first year in office, eliminating the departments of Commerce, Education, Energy,
Housing and Urban Development, and Interior. Would turn Medicaid and other welfare
programs into block-grant programs.
Signed into law an austere 2012-13 state
budget that included $15-billion in cuts, pri-
marily to public education and Medicaid, and
no tax increases. In 2003, established the
OneStar Foundation, a nonprofit group that
administers volunteer and national-service
programs and works to strengthen nonprof-
its that provide social services. Signed mea-
sures to create a Task Force on Strengthen-
ing Nonprofit Capacity and a Task Force on
Improving Relations With Nonprofits.
Governor of Texas
Would create an optional flat income-tax rate
of 20 percent and would allow people mak-
ing up to $500,000 to claim charitable de-
ductions. Says ending the deduction could
reduce donations for “nonprofits that pro-
vide vital services to the less fortunate in
the midst of a severe economic downturn.”
Would end capital-gains and estate taxes.
Would cap federal spending at 18 percent
of gross domestic product (compared with
about 24 percent in 2010) and reduce dis-
cretionary spending, except for defense pro-
grams, by $100-billion in his first year in of-
of Louisiana, former
member of the U.S.
House of Representa-
Former member of the
U.S. Senate (Pennsyl-
Was chief executive of the Salt Lake Organiz-
ing Committee of the 2002 Winter Olympics.
Runs the Tyler Charitable Foundation with
his wife, Ann. It had $8.5-million in assets in
Has raised money for conservative advocacy
groups the Susan B. Anthony List, Americans
United for Life, and the National Organization
Formerly a Democrat, he switched to the Republican Party while governor, in 1991. While
serving in Congress as a Democrat, he frequently broke ranks with his party and voted
with Republicans on policy issues. As governor, he attempted to slash spending, abolish
state programs, and close state-run institutions. The efforts were rejected by voters in
a constitutional referendum.
Led the effort to craft a Massachusetts
health-care law that is considered a model
for the new federal law. It requires most residents to buy insurance and offers subsidies
or free coverage to those who can’t afford it.
While in Congress, pushed for the Charity
Aid, Recovery, and Empowerment Act to expand tax incentives for charitable giving, including allowing people who don’t itemize
their tax returns to get a charitable deduction. While that break was not adopted, other
provisions were included in the Pension Protection Act of 2006. Was a main sponsor of
the bill that overhauled the welfare system
Would introduce a flat 17-percent income
tax rate, with an individual exemption of
$50,000. Has pledged to eliminate “most
deductions” without mentioning the charitable deduction specifically. Would cut the size
of the federal government to about 18 percent of gross domestic product.
In the short term, favors no change in income-tax rates. In the long term, would like a
“flatter, simpler” tax code. Would end the estate tax. Would cut discretionary government
spending by 5 percent, except for security
programs, and would limit federal spending
to 20 percent of gross domestic product by
2016. Supports a constitutional amendment
to require balanced federal budgets. Would
consolidate federal job-training programs
and turn them into block-grant programs providing lump sums to states. Would turn Medicaid into a block-grant program.
Would end the estate tax. Supports a constitutional amendment to require balanced
federal budgets. Would lower income taxes
and make the tax code “simpler, flatter, and